Nationalised in 1951, Indian Railways is today the largest rail network in Asia and the world’s second largest network operated under a single management. With more than one million employees, IR is the seventh largest employer in the world. Four sites of Indian Railways have been declared as “World Heritage sites” by UNESCO. These are Darjeeling, Himalayan Railway inscribed in 1999, Mumbai CST Building inscribed in 2004, Nilgiri Mountain Railways inscribed in 2005 and Kalka-Shimla Railways inscribed in 2008. Indian railways has also entered a select club of railways that includes China, Russia and USA in carrying more than one billion tons of freight annually.
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