Perspective: Iran Nuclear Deal: Attempt to revive

In this episode of the Perspective Prog. based on Iran Nuclear Deal: Attempt to revive. Today we’re going to talk about the critical Iran nuclear talks that have resumed in Vienna after a five-month hiatus. Representatives of Iran, China, France, Germany, Russia, and the United Kingdom began the long-awaited talks in the Austrian capital on Monday, aiming to restore the 2015 accord, which limited Iran’s nuclear activities in return for the lifting of sanctions. A possible return of the United States to the deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, is also being discussed. Remember in 2018, the then American president Donald Trump had withdrawn unilaterally from the deal and also reimposed sanctions on Tehran. In response, Iran stopped implementing parts of its commitments to the deal, and also expanded its nuclear programme significantly. Ahead of the talks, Iran demanded immediate lifting of all US sanctions, as well as a guarantee that no future US president will unilaterally abandon the deal again. The United States says it will take all steps necessary to come back into compliance, but warns that the window of negotiations won’t be open forever. The sense of urgency in bringing back the JCPOA has been shown by other signatories as well. After the first meeting on Monday, European Union official Enrique Mora, who is chairing the talks, expressed optimism. He was quoted as saying that Iran has agreed that the talks could resume largely where they had ended in June, rather than with an entirely new agenda. With the new government elected in Iran in June, there had been fears that it would undo the progress made in the earlier rounds of talks held between April-June. However, the larger question is: Will these critical talks meet the expectations on reviving the 2015 deal and curtailing Iran’s nuclear programme?

1. Dinshaw J. Mistry, Professor, International Relations and Asian Studies, University of Cincinnati
2. Jitendra Nath Misra, Former Ambassador
3. Prof. Swaran Singh, Chairperson, Centre for International Politics, Organization and Disarmament, JNU

Anchor: Teena Jha

Producer: Amit Srivastav, Sagheer Ahmad

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